A Tulsa, Oklahoma’s House Painters General Glossary
Adhesion – How well dry paint stays attached to the surface of what is being painted.
Aeration – Bubbles that form in paints during preparation and can affect the application of the painting process.
Atomize – This happens when a paint gun turns paint into particles and/or mist.
Bare Substrate – Any type of surface without a coat of paint on it.
Base – The first layer in a multiple part paint application.
Blast Cleaning – Surface preparation of steel by the use of compression-propelled abrasive materials.
Bleeding – Discoloration in a new coat of paint when the old paint shows through.
Blending – Merging two colors together so the difference is indiscernible to each other.
Blistering – Bubbles under the surface of a coat of paint.
Blushing – Milky look caused by moisture mixing into a drying paint.
Breathe – Allowing moisture from the surface through the paint application.
Bridging – When the base does not fill in a flaw or scratch in a surface.
Brittle – A dry paint coat lacking in flexibility.
Checking – Small cracks that are marring the paint surface.
Chipping – Removing paint and particles with a sharpened tool.
Color Match – Two colors with no visible difference to the eye.
Crocodiling – When wide, crossing cracks form in layers of paint.
Curdling – Partial drying of paint.
Delamination – Peeling of paint, also called flaking.
Grinding – Removal of flaws by sanding.
Hardness – A paints resistance to multiple types of damage.
Hiding Power – Paints ability to cover the surface or layer of paint under it.
Hold-Out – A paints ability to resist the next coat soaking into it.
Jelling – When paint dries before an application.
Lifting – When moisture reaches and swells an undercoat, wrinkling the topcoat.
Masking – Using tape and other coverings to prevent paint from applying to certain areas you don’t want it to.
Nap – Paint roller fibers – the thickness of a roller.
Overspray – Sprayed paint that does not hit a surface.
Peeling – Curling and detaching of paint from a loss of adhesion.
Re-Coat Time – Time necessary before a second application is to be applied.
Runs – Thin, downward ribbons of paint.
Spot Priming – Applying primer to small areas where the surface has become exposed.
Substrate – The surface which will be painted.
Touch-Dry – When paint no longer feels tacky to the human touch.
Water Spotting – Spots created by a reaction of paint to water when it is drying.
Paint Product Glossary – Tulsa, OK
Additive – Chemical introduced to paint to change or add properties to it.
Acrylic – Paint created from a group of plastics, known for its color and gloss.
Air Dry – Allowing paint to dry at a reasonable room temperature.
Anti-Condensation Paint – Paint that will minimize the effects of moisture in the area.
Anti-Corrosive Paint – Paint designed to prevent corrosion on steel.
Basecoat – High color paint that requires a clear finish.
Binder – Component in the paint that holds it together and allows adhesion.
Cast – A shade of a color of paint.
Catalyst – Additive that speeds drying time and improves other elements. Also called activator, accelerator, or curing agent.
Coat – A single application of paint by a painter.
Colorant – A pigment used to create the color in paint.
Color Fast – Color able to retain its cast over time. Also called color retention.
Contrast Ratio – Ability of paint to hide the previous coat.
Coverage – How well a paint spreads over the surface.
Concentration – Ratio of elements that cause the sheen of the paint.
Cure – Process of paint drying.
Durability – How well paint holds up to the elements.
Fading – Loss of color and/or gloss over time.
Filler – Substance used to fill in dents and damage, and smooth masonry.
Flex Agent – Additive that decreases brittleness.
Gloss – Amount that paint reflects light.
Hard Setting – When solid paint collects at the bottom of a container.
Hue – The primary color of a paint.
Lacquer – A clear coat of paint that dries quickly.
Metamerism – When two colors match under one but not all conditions.
Mildew Resistance – A paint’s ability to prevent mildew growth.
Moisture Resistance – A paints ability to withstand moisture and prevent the damage it can cause.
Pigment – The part of the paint that provides the color.
Primer – Paint designed to prepare a surface for other coats to be applied.
Resin – Binding agents in a paint.
Sealer – Paint that prevents interactions between coats before and after it is applied.
Sheen – Gloss level of a paint.
Skinning – When a thick layer forms on the top of paint in a can.